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Table 1 The influence of temperature on the grain size and content of TiO2 thin film

From: Photocatalytic degradation of high ammonia concentration wastewater by TiO2

T (°C) Phase K λ (nm) β (radian) cosθ hkl D (nm) Mass ratio (%)
400 Anatase 0.89 0.154 0.009546 0.997 101 14.40407 100
450 Anatase 0.89 0.154 0.995986 0.996 101 14.71318 100
500 Anatase 0.89 0.154 0.997976 0.998 101 15.11035 86.31
Rutile 0.89 0.154 0.4324127 0.432 110 37.06334 9.04
550 Anatase 0.89 0.154 0.998008 0.998 101 15.79999 72.88
Rutile 0.89 0.154 0.417477 0.417 110 45.66140 18.87
600 Anatase 0.89 0.154 0.998589 0.998 101 18.72492 26.92
Rutile 0.89 0.154 0.435115 0.435 110 48.12791 62.98
650 Rutile 0.89 0.154 0.385424 0.385 110 67.94198 100