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Table 3 The median and the range (in brackets) of the key morphological parameters (10th to 90th centile) for the nine LCZ5 urban units shown in Fig. 5

From: Transforming typical hourly simulation weather data files to represent urban locations by using a 3D urban unit representation with micro-climate simulations

Annulus R-r (m) \( \overline{H} \) (m) P r (%) I r (%) λ f (%) F r (%) d (m) z 0 (m)
0–50 20 (15–22) 7 (0–15) 72 (50–85) 17 (7–25) 21 (7–30) 6.7 (3.6–11.1) 1.8 (1.3–4)
50–100 18 (13–25) 11 (0–17) 61 (54–70) 15 (6–20) 27 (8–40) 8.9 (3.6–12.9) 1.4 (0.5–3)
100–150 20 (13–24) 15 (0–25) 65 (56–70) 13 (6–20) 23 (4–30) 7.6 (2.0–10.6) 1.8 (0.5–3)
150–200 17 (12–20) 15 (5–25) 60 (50–66) 14 (10–17) 24 (19–28) 8.6 (5.5–9.7) 1.2 (0.7–2)
200–250 19 (16–24) 15 (12–25) 56 (54–66) 13 (10–20) 23 (16–27) 8.3 (5.8–11.3) 1.8 (0.7–3)
  1. (R-r refers to the inner and outer radius of the annuli borders)
  2. \( \overline{H} \) building footprint-area-weighted average height, P r pervious surface fraction, I r impervious surface fraction, λ f frontal area ratio, F r building surface fraction, d zero plane displacement height, z 0 roughness length